Introduction


The Bar Association of India is a voluntary organisation of lawyers which was established in April 1960 shortly before the enactment of the Indian Advocates Act, 1961, which fused the legal profession in India and introduced a common roll of Advocates in each State.  The inauguration of the Association by the President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, in Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi, took place in the presence of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, the Chief Justice of India and many stalwarts of the profession whose names are held in high esteem today in the profession throughout the country.  Shri M.C. Setalvad, the first Attorney-General of India was also the first President of the Association who, together with the illustrious, Dr. K.M. Munshi and Mr. C.K. Daphtary and others framed the constitution of the Association.


The Association has a character of the Federation of Bar Associations, having various High Court Bar Associations, District Court Bar Associations, the Supreme Court Bar Association, and representative Bar Associations of various Tribunals, Commissions and other legal fora throughout the country as its corporate members.  Besides, the Association has on its rolls distinguished members of the legal profession in India as individual members and life members. 

The day-to-day affairs of the Association are carried out by the Executive Committee which is composed of the legal luminaries of the highest standing not only in India but having international acclaim.  Many of the current office bearers of the Association have held top leadership positions in the prestigious international Associations of legal profession like, the IBA, UIA, Commonwealth Law Association and Lawasia. 

The Governing Council of the Bar Association is the most representative body of the Indian legal profession.   It is composed of the members elected by individual members from each State and Union Territory, members nominated by District Bars from each State and Union Territory,  President of High Court Bar Associations  from each State and Union Territory,  members nominated by other Associations from each State and Union Territory, nominee of the Supreme Court Bar Association, Advocate General of each State, Ex-officio, besides, the Attorney General of India and Solicitor General of India being the Ex-officio Members. 


The Principal aim of the Association is to achieve through bar associations and individual lawyers all over India the objects of the Indian legal profession set out in its Memorandum of Association.  Some of these objects are:-


a)to uphold the Constitution of India,  and the representative, free and democratic form of Government and to uphold and promote the Rule of Law;

b)to promote the science of Jurisprudence and to encourage and conduct research and investigations in legal and allied fields

c)to promote the reform of the administration of justice and of law and its healthy development suitable to the social, economic and other needs of the people;

d)to promote uniformity of legislation and of judicial decisions throughout the country;

e)to uphold the honour, the dignity and the independence of the Bar and the profession of law;

f)to assist the Bar in upholding its rights and dignity in its relations with the executive and the judiciary;

g)to apply the knowledge and experience in the field of law to the promotion of the public good;

h)to promote unity and solidarity among the members of the Bar throughout India;


Some of the other objectives of the Association include provision of free legal aid, improvement of legal education, maintenance of high professional conduct and discipline, to hold conferences and seminars on current topics, etc.

 



The Bar Association of India

93, Lawyers Chamber,

Supreme Court of India

New Delhi - 110001

INDIA